Insurance penetration in Nigeria, Africa’s largest economy by GDP, is abysmally low at a mere 0.6 percent, compared to 15.4 percent penetration in South Africa, 7.7 percent in Namibia, 3.4 percent in Kenya, and 3.0 percent in Morocco. This is in spite of the fact that the country possesses what industry experts have termed “the fundamentals for a thriving insurance industry” – a vast population of over 170 million, an active economy and a well-capitalised industry.
One major challenge for the industry in the country has been product distribution and how
to deepen penetration to the uninsured populace. So far, there appears to be only one well-developed distribution channel, the broker channel, which is said to control about 70 percent of total premium generation in the market. And insurance firms and regulators in the country over time seem to have focused on this channel, to the detriment of the overall insurance industry. The retail segment of the market has been left largely untapped.
As at the end of 2012, only 1.3 million Nigerians, out of a population size of over 170 million, had taken up any form of individual insurance – that is, life, property, and even compulsory insurance like motor – according to a report by EFInA. But industry experts say other distribution channels, such as agency networking, mobile telephony, financial institutions channels, etc, if fully explored and developed, can go a long way in deepening insurance penetration.
A few insurance companies have made an effort to create agency distribution channels, but most of them still tend to shy away from this due to the huge set-up and operating cost. Similarly, bancassurance, the sale of insurance products through banking channels, saw a few insurance companies and banks going into partnership for the distribution of insurance products. This channel was beginning to help deepen insurance penetration due to the large distribution outlets that these Nigerian banks have, with some estimates saying it accounted for about N13 billion of insurance premium annually (about 5 percent of total insurance industry revenues), until a new CBN regulation put a stop to it.
The electronic channel, seen as a very good innovation that can help deepen insurance penetration due to the convenience associated with distribution, is just picking up, with a handful of insurance companies selling insurance products through telecommunication platforms, e-commerce websites and the websites of insurance companies.
Indeed, we believe, alongside industry analysts, that for insurance in Nigeria to make major progress in income and density, the industry needs to develop the technical capacities to meet the emerging challenges of financial inclusion and micro-insurance as well as design more dynamic strategies to deepen insurance reach amongst the vast populace. Furthermore, insurers must change their marketing strategy; product design and packaging must change; approach to policyholders and their complaints must change as well, and all hands must be on deck to ensure that the message of insurance is taken to the grassroots. In this wise, technology and telecommunication must play a vital role, particularly in product distribution and accessibility.
On this note, we urge all stakeholders to do everything legally possible to deepen insurance penetration in the country. While we commend the immediate past Commissioner for Insurance, Fola Daniel, for his efforts in deepening insurance penetration in the country, we equally call on the newly appointed acting CFI, Mohammed Kari, a man whom industry insiders describe as courageous and meticulous, not to relent, in spite of the huge challenges ahead.
In our view, insurance companies, just like banks, are nation builders. They help deepen financial inclusion and act as financial intermediaries through which funds are aggregated to provide long-term funding for the development of infrastructure in every economy.